Are you driving a toxic car? If you have a brand new car, the answer is, unfortunately, yes, but there is some good news – new cars aren’t likely to be as toxic in the future.
Please pin this image to share with others
As my car lease draws close to its termination date, I have begun the search for another vehicle. Aware of the issues I have with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, my husband forwarded me a couple of articles regarding new car smell.
Toxic New Car Smell: A Unique Cocktail of Chemicals
The first sentence in the article I read stated, “New car smell, a grand perk for first-time car owners, might be harmful, according to a new study.” It went on to say,
Research shows that vehicle interiors contain a unique cocktail of hundreds of toxic chemicals that off-gas in small, confined spaces,” said Jeff Gearhart, Research Director at the Ecology Center.
“Since these chemicals are not regulated, consumers have no way of knowing the dangers they face.”
What Is New Car Smell?
New car smell comes from parts, paints, carpets, and sealants off-gassing VOCs (volatile organic compounds).
When you stop to think about it, there are many things in the interior of a car which are a cause for concern when it comes to harmful chemicals. These parts are made of materials, such as plastic, which contain questionable chemicals.
There can be over 200 chemical compounds found in vehicles.
Consider the parts and pieces that make up a car interior:
- Steering wheel
- Door trim
- Shift knob
- Plastic knobs
- Rubber mats
According to a published white paper, “numerous studies have found the measurable presence of anywhere from 30 to more than 250 separate VOCs in a single vehicle.”
What Makes Toxic Off-Gassing Worse?
New cars provide a bad environment when it comes to toxic chemicals. As mentioned above, there are many car parts that can off-gas VOCs, however, when a car is parked or driven in warm temperatures, it can make the VOCs off-gas at a greater rate. It can also break other chemicals down into more toxic substances.
What Else is Found in Toxic Cars?
Car indoor air pollution is recognized by the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health.
In addition to plastic parts, cars include many different toxins such as flame retardants, antimicrobials, and chemicals released from paint, carpet, and adhesives.
Do you have a film like substance on your windshield? If you do, it could be an indicator of how toxic your car is. That film is made up of all sorts of chemicals such as hydrocarbons and petrochemicals from plastic, vehicle exhaust and matter from tires and brake pads. Chemicals that are oily in nature condense on your windshield.
In addition to exposures from toxic chemicals, you can also be exposed to mold from a faulty air conditioner in your vehicle. If you suspect your car may have mold, you should look into the Lemon Law in your state to try to get a new car if you experience this.
>>Read Next: 6 Ways to Naturally Remove Car Odors<<
Chemicals and Health Concerns
We are exposed to numerous toxins every day at home, work, stores, etc. However, vehicles are a major source of chemical exposure – estimated at as much as 30 percent of our exposure.
Your car is a small, confined space in which you spend quite a bit of time each day. Breathing in the off-gassing chemicals and coming in contact with dust that chemicals bind to can create health issues.
In fact, the health concerns that come from toxic materials in new car interiors is recognized by the World Health Organization as sick car syndrome.
There is also an emerging field called Vehicle Indoor Air Quality (VIAQ). Its purpose is to “to test, investigate and solve the problem of toxic exposures from driving and riding in cars.”
Some of the chemicals of concern found in a new car are:
- Polyvinyl chloride
These chemicals can pose different health challenges, such as:
- Learning disabilities and infertility
- Hormone disruption
- Impaired concentration
How do Cars Rank? The Best and Worst Toxic Cars
Fortunately, overall vehicle ratings are improving. Manufacturers are starting to eliminate hazardous flame retardants and PVC from vehicles.
In 2012, a study by the Ecology Center was conducted on cars. They tested the plastic, fabrics, and foams in 200 top-selling 2011 and 2012 cars for the presence of bromine (used to make flame retardants), chlorine, phthalates; and lead.
The top-ranking car in the study was the Honda Civic followed by the Toyota Prius and Honda CR-Z. The Honda Civic was given the highest rating because it doesn’t use bromine-based flame retardants on its interior components. It uses PVC-free interior fabrics and interior trim. It also has low levels of heavy metals and other metal allergens.
The worst cars in the study were the Mitsubishi Outlander Sport, Chrysler 200 SC, and the Kia Soul. The Outlander ranked the worst because it contained bromine and antimony-based flame retardants in the seating and center console. It had chromium treated leather and over 400 parts per million lead in seating materials.
Will a Healthy Car Be Possible in the Future?
Overall, automakers are beginning to take steps to reduce VOCs in vehicles and are looking for ways to reduce other potentially harmful substances in car interiors. However, it can take time to get updated cars on the road since it takes 4 – 6 years for the vehicle design cycle, so even if new ideas are presented today, don’t expect to see it implemented in a car for a few years.
Overall, Honda, Ford, and Volvo seem to be leading the way in taking measures to eliminate toxic materials.
“Vehicle testing at Ford includes measuring VOC and SVOC concentrations in various conditions: indoors or outdoors and with windows open or closed. They capture both standing emissions (exhaust) and compounds off-gassed by interior parts.”
Many automakers are starting to replace PVC parts with materials that contain fewer harmful additives. Some are also using less brominated flame retardants. They are using different materials and adhesives in manufacturing.
In addition, some automakers, such as Ford, are beginning to use natural soy-based materials in seat cushions and installing better ventilation and filtration systems to speed up the off-gassing process.
Please pin this image to share with others
What Are Some of the Things You Should Look for When Buying a Car?
If you’re in the market for a new car. Consider some of the following things:
- Take your potential car for an extended test drive to see how you react in the environment or if you notice any symptoms being triggered (especially for those of us with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity).
- Check to see if flame retardants are being used in your car.
- Buy cars with fabric upholstery instead of leather. Leather steering wheels and upholstery emit higher amounts of airborne ketones, furans, and styrene.
- Don’t buy a car with a sunroof. Due to the sealants and adhesives used around the sunroof, VOC levels can increase by as much as 30%.
- Ask the manufacturer if they subscribe to voluntary third-party eco-labels, such as the TUV Toxproof and Öko-Tex Standard 100.
How to Get Rid of New Car Smell
I have probably leased a dozen cars over time. That is quite a lot of off-gassing I have sat through. I have tried multiple things to take the smell away from the last car I leased, including putting charcoal under the seats to absorb the smell. Eventually, the smell went away after airing the car out for a while. Also, leaving the windows open while driving is a definite must.
Following are some things that will help you get rid of toxic new car smell:
- Keep the car interior well ventilated by opening the windows
- Recirculate the interior air
- Dust our car interior regularly with a microfiber cloth
- Wipe down your car interior with a non-toxic odor eliminator
- Vacuum out your car regularly
- Park in the shade
- Avoid sitting in the car while it is parked
- Use a solar shade to cover your windshield
- Add an activated carbon filter in your in-dash air filter – the carbon will absorb VOCs
- Use a car air purifier to capture VOCs, allergens, and odors.
By doing the things mentioned above, you will help to limit your exposure to toxic new car smell.
Read Next: 6 Ways to Naturally Remove Car Odors
Additional Posts You Might Like: